What is tobacco use disorder?
An addiction to tobacco is called tobacco use disorder. When you have tobacco use disorder, it is difficult to stop smoking.
It contains nicotine, a drug. Nicotine boosts your mood quickly, which makes it addictive. The result is that you use it more and even when you know you should stop, you still want to use it. Using tobacco products for a long time may cause you to become dependent on them.
It is hard to stop smoking because withdrawal symptoms occur. The most common symptoms are anxiety and irritability. However, knowing the risks associated with tobacco addiction is also important. In comparison to people who don’t smoke, smokers are more likely to suffer heart attacks, strokes and cancer.
Causes of tobacco use disorder
Tobacco use disorder occurs when someone becomes addicted to tobacco products. It is caused by nicotine, a highly addictive substance in tobacco. The nicotine in tobacco or cigarettes releases endorphins, a hormone in your body that improves your mood. The reward centers in your brain are activated by these substances. Short but strong bursts of happiness are felt in your brain as a result. As a result, you start smoking regularly to keep experiencing this feeling. Eventually, you develop a tobacco use disorder as a result of this cycle.
Risk factors for tobacco use disorder
Smoking can lead to addiction for anyone who does it. Still, some people are more vulnerable to addiction than others. Here are a few factors to consider:
- Suffering from mental illness or depression. Smoking is associated with depression. However, people suffering from anxiety disorders and other mental health conditions are also more likely to be addicted to smoking
- Children whose parents smoke. When parents smoke, their children are more likely to become smokers
- Abusing alcohol and drugs is also common. Smokers tend to be people who abuse these substances
- Please indicate when you first began smoking. You have a greater chance of becoming a heavy smoker as an adult if you started smoking when you were a child
Additionally, some studies have demonstrated that genes can indicate whether or not a person is more likely to become a tobacco addict. Your genes might influence your reactivity to nicotine. If you are more susceptible to addiction because of your genes.
Symptoms of tobacco use disorder
Smokers who can’t stop are the most common signs of tobacco use disorder. Trying to quit yet always succeeding may be an indication that you have a tobacco use disorder. Additionally, you may feel depressed or mad when you try to stop.
There are many health problems caused by smoking, including lung cancer, bronchitis, heart ailments and more. Other health problems caused by smoking include diabetes and eye problems. Smokers are also more susceptible to colds and the flu.
You may also have a tobacco use disorder if you experience health problems while still smoking. There may be a problem if you stop doing things with family or friends when they don’t want you to smoke.
Diagnosis of tobacco addiction
If you are experiencing problems with tobacco, you should see a doctor. You can ask them questions about how much nicotine you crave. Your doctor can use this information to find the best treatment option for you.
Treatments for tobacco use disorder
The type of treatment you receive for tobacco use disorder depends on your specific needs. Several types of prescription medications are available today to help you stop smoking. Some of these products deliver small amounts of nicotine through a nasal spray or inhaler. You can get nicotine from nicotine replacement medicines without all the chemicals present in cigarettes. Slowly reducing nicotine consumption can help you stop smoking for good.
There are other forms of treatment as well:
Replacement therapy: It is possible to replace nicotine through gums and patches without a prescription. You can usually buy them at your local drugstore. Prescription replacements can be found there as well.
Counseling: A combination of counseling and medication can contribute to a more successful treatment outcome. Programs like Nicotine Anonymous can provide counseling online, over the phone or in person.
Non-nicotine drugs: Medications such as antidepressants may help you stop craving nicotine. There is a drug called Chantix that helps people quit smoking.
Recovery from tobacco addiction
It may take more than one attempt to recover from tobacco use disorder. It is normal for people to attempt quitting multiple times. You may be able to avoid relapsing if you get medical help on your first attempt.