Depression: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Do you know why Depression is common? Why it is more often occur in women than in men? Do you know its common symptoms? Do you know which treatment is more secure for Depression?

If no, don’t worry stay tuned!

Depression State
Depression State

What is Depression?

Depression is a mood and mental disorder. Nowadays it becomes a more common and serious mental health problem that affects the person’s way of thinking, feels and other daily activities including eating, working, loss of interest and so on.

Depression feeling is more than the state of sad feelings and lack of work and energy in other activities. It is a mental health condition and requires proper treatment and if it is left untreated it can be prolonged and will be devastating.

 According to World Health Organization (WHO):

  • Depression is a mental disorder
  • Globally 264 Million People are being affected
  • Women are mostly affected
  • Any age of person can be affected

Symptoms of Depression

The symptoms depend on the person as it can experience different depression in men, women, child and depression in teens.

The signs of depression can be mild, moderate and can be severe depend upon its types.

Feeling Symptoms

People with depression feels like:

  • Sad
  • Unhappy
  • Guilty
  • Lack of confidence
  • Disappoint

Thoughts Symptoms

  • Hopelessness
  • Worthlessness
  • Lack of pleasure in my life
  • Why I am here
  • Suicidal thoughts

Behavior Symptoms

  • Increase in the anger
  • Lack of other as well as enjoyable activities
  • More consumption of Alcohol and segregate

Physical Symptoms

  • Too much tired
  • Sickness
  • Headaches at an extreme level
  • Depression keeps awake
  • Weight loss

Some people says that “Depression keeping me awake and Depression keeping from me working”.

Check: 9 Strategies To Overcome Overthinking

Main Cause of Depression

There are multiple depression causes to become a depressive person and it depends upon a person’s situation and surroundings. Women also suffer from depression during pregnancy.

A research team finds out that this disease also transfers in genes like if a parent is depressed then their children also get affected. One of the main cause includes:

Abuse

Physical, emotional and family abuse to a person can also lead to the risk of mental illness.

Age

People with higher ages have more chances of having depression than at low ages.

Death or Lose

Sadness after the death of some beloved one or loss of a close or childhood friend can also cause a mental disorder.

Depression Genetic

Family gene history having depression background in it, maybe in the increase in the risk of getting affected to their children as due to transfer of genes from them to become depressed kids.

You must know about: Obsession and Compulsions

Personal Problems

Personal problems such as social problems and mental illness or family problems can also be a cause of depression.

Major Depression
Major Depression

Major Treatment of Depressive Disorder

First of all, all you need is diagnoses that cause many side effects and live with it is quite challenging and difficult, as it may feel like that you’ll never get out from the dark shadow of this disease.

But don’t worry, depression can be cured with treatment which can help you get better and improve your lifestyle. The mixture of combine medical therapy, lifestyle therapy::

Depression Medication

Depression Medication is the most effective treatment for depression. Sometimes medication cannot completely be effective.

As it can give the patient a secure relief from some of the symptoms with depression medicine, but it cannot be the treatment of the depression for long-term recovery (solution).

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

SSRI is an antidepressant and works to help in the breakdown of Serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a chemical found in the brain that is responsible for mood help improving mood and other sleep habits.

Tricyclic Antidepressant

Tricyclic antidepressant can help in the case when other drugs haven’t helped,

But, the intake of drugs as a medicine can also cause some side effects including an increase in weight.

Side Effects of the Medications

SSRIs and other medication can have side effects, A person might experience:

  • Low Blood sugar
  • Nausea
  • Weight loss

And so on.

Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is a mental health treatment by talking with the psychiatrist and other health providers. As the psychiatrist helps you to take control of your lifestyle and to change your mood.

In some type of depression, psychological therapy is taken as first-line treatment, sometimes the combined mixture of psychological therapy and medication responds better.

According to the MedicalNewsToday:

CBT and interpersonal psychotherapy are considering two main types of psychological therapy for depression.

MedicalNewsToday

As Interpersonal therapy helps to identify

  • Emotional problem
  • Mood

Lifestyle Changing

Lifestyle also plays a vital role in the treatment of depression. With the lifestyle changes, you might have to take other treatments as it will help in removing the depression.

Exercise

Regular exercise may be an effective treatment of depression as it boosts serotonin, endorphins and makes the person feel better, and increase the growth of the new brain cells. The depressed patient may have a 30 to 60 min exercise on a regular basis.

Sleep

Sleep is also having in causing and also helps in the prevention and treatment of depression.

So, Ensure that you get enough sleep on a regular basis which helps to relax your brain and your body. People having depression should aim for the sleep of almost 7 to 9 hours each day.

Nutrition

One of the factor that may a part to contribute in prevention of depression is the nutrition. As lack of good nutrition can be a cause of many diseases and put in the risk of having depression.

So, a balanced diet can increase energy up and swing the mood.

Prevention

According to Doctors: There are not sure preventions that help to overcome depression

But don’t worry, we provided some of the strategies which may decrease the risk, so have a look:

  • Try to Control stress
  • Enjoy life with friends
  • Get touch to Doctor
  • Take care of yourself (don’t be careless)

7 Common Types of Depression

When we think or circulate about the term depression, it often divides into one or two common types- either Clinical or regular, which is most common as many people experience it in their life.

1. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

The term clinical depression refers to the major depressive disorder (MDD) known as a mood disorder expressed by the following key features:

  • Change in the several activities (Sleep, Weight, eating and etc.)
  • Suicidal Thoughts
  • Guilty feelings
  • Depressed

If someone experiences such type of symptoms for longer than of two-week time period, so he might be diagnosed with MDD (clinical depression)

2. Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD)

Persistent Depressive Disorder known as dysthymia and refer to long term form of (chronic) depression as the person will lose interest in daily activities, hopelessness feel and worthlessness.

The timeline of PDD can be last for years and the person will find it challenging to beat up Persistent Depressive Disorder. It can rise up to mild, moderate, or can be too severe conditions.

The symptom of the Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD) includes:

  • Feeling Sad (less Pleasure)
  • Guilty Feeling
  • Increase in the anger
  • Worthlessness feel
  • Fatigue (less energy)

According to the National Institute of Mental Health:

“1.5% of adults in the United States (US) had persistent depressive Disorder and the percentage of women is more than 1% in one year”

– National Institute of Mental Health

3. Bipolar Disorder

Depression Bipolar Disorder is also a mood disorder known  as mania (abnormally elevated mood) as it can mild or can be in extreme causing the risk of suicidal thoughts 15 times greater.

Dipolar Disorder includes:

  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Hopelessness
  • Anxiety

4. Postpartum Depression (PPD)

Pregnancy also plays a vital role in affecting or changing the women’s mood. Depression occurs during pregnancy or during childbirth.

PDD symptoms

  • Sadness
  • Changing of mood
  • Hopeless or worthless feeling
  • Less interest in the activities
  • Suicidal thoughts

5. Premenstrual Dysphonic Disorder (PMDD)

PMDD is a serious health problem and causes irritability, anxiety and or females get depressed as it is a condition mostly similar to Premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

PMDD symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Sad feeling (Hopeless)
  • Anxiety
  • Stress

Which type of Depression is most common in people?

Globally 6 out of 1 woman and 8 out of 1 man experience depression one time in their life and untreated disorder can cause long-term health complications.

Here are types that are most common in the United States (US):

  1. Persistent depressive Disorder (PDD)
  2. Major depression
  3. Bipolar Disorder

How to test Depression?

There is a quiz base depression online test developed by Ivan Goldberg, who is renowned psychiatrist.

| TEST NOW |

The depression test is given on the website and the result will be published and to conclude depression symptoms in women, men and teens.

Our Verdict

Coping with depression is not an easy job. If a person suffering from depression, then don’t worry, there are many sources of treatment. The problem is that it is critical to stick with the treatment (medication) plan and the therapy session because people lose motivation.

If the person stops taking his/her medications, so the risk of entering into the severe condition may increase. So, just call the Doctor or mental health services near to you to get control over it.

FAQS

Depression is most common in women than in men and around 20% of women experience this disease once in their life.

According to some research:

Biological, hormonal and life cycles unique to the women may play a part in linking higher rates in women. The researchers also showed that the hormone of women affects their mood and emotions.

No, it is almost not possible due to lack of sleep only but it can also cause some other disease or illness.

It depends upon the treatment as an untreated patient can last for a prolonged time. But, the timeline of this disease also depends upon its type as major depression remains a period of time.

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