What is obsessive-compulsive personality disorder?
In obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), the person is overly concerned with order in their lives. A person suffering from OCPD may also feel compelled to apply their standards to their outside environment.
The following are some characteristics of people with OCPD:
- Expression of their feelings is difficult for them.
- Having close relationships with others is difficult for them.
- Even though they work hard, they can be inefficient due to their perfectionist attitude.
- Righteousness, indignation and anger are often their feelings.
- They are often socially isolated.
- Anxiety can occur when they are depressed.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is commonly confused with OCPD. However, they are different.
There’s no real indication that OCPD makes people think or act in a dysfunctional way. People with this mindset think and act as if their way is the only one that is right and everyone else is wrong.
What are the causes of OCPD?
It is unknown what causes OCPD. Many aspects of OCPD remain unknown, including the causes. Both genetics and childhood experiences may contribute to obsessive personality.
OCPD has been documented in some cases in adults who can recall experiencing it very early in life. Perhaps they felt they had to act perfectly or obey perfectly. The need to obey rules continues into adulthood.
Who is most at risk for OCPD?
Men who have this personality disorder are twice as likely to be diagnosed as women, estimates the International OCD Foundation (OCDF). Obsessive personality type is the most prevalent personality disorder, according to a study published in the Journal of Personality Assessment.
OCPD is commonly diagnosed in people who have existing mental health conditions. More research is needed to prove that OCPD is responsible for these diagnoses.
Furthermore, people with severe OCD are more likely to suffer from OCPD.
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What are the symptoms of OCPD?
There are several symptoms of OCPD, including:
- Having a perfectionism that prevents you from finishing tasks
- Formal, stiff, or rigid mannerisms
- Having a very frugal spending style
- Punctuality is imperative
- Paying extreme attention to details
- Putting work ahead of family or social relationships
- Keeping worn or useless items
- Lack of willingness to share or delegate work for fear that it won’t be done correctly
- Lists are a fixation
- Regulations and rules are rigidly followed
- A strong desire for order
- A sense of righteous obligation
- Ethical and moral codes that are rigidly adhered to
The symptoms of an OCPD make it difficult to function and interact with others.
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How is OCPD treated?
Treatment for OCPD typically consists of three components, including the following:
Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
Counseling in mental health is often based on cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). CBT involves meeting with a mental health professional regularly.
Your counselor will help you cope with anxiety, stress, and depression during these regular sessions. If you are receiving mental health counseling, you may be encouraged to put less emphasis on work and more emphasis on leisure activities, family and friends.
In order to decrease some anxiety associated with the obsessive-compulsive cycle, your doctor may prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). SSRIs may also be prescribed along with regular psychotherapy and support groups. OCPD patients are usually not recommended to use prescription medications long-term.
Stress and urgency can be reduced with relaxation training, which involves breathing and relaxation techniques. This is a common symptom of OCPD. Practices such as yoga, tai chi, and Pilates can help you relax.
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OCPD vs. OCD
The OCD and OCPD are conditions with their own unique and specific aspects, but they also share strong overlaps. They can be distinguished by a few things, however.
Presence of true obsessions and/or compulsions
The definition of OCD is the presence of true obsession (persistent thinking or feeling) and compulsion (constantly performing an irrational action). People who engage in these behaviors can do so in combination or on their own, and they hinder their ability to function and live freely.
A person with OCD, on the other hand, does not display irrational, repeated behavior or uncontrollable thoughts.
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Obsessive thoughts or behaviors
Even if they are unable to control their behaviors or thoughts, OCD sufferers often feel distressed by them. However, typically, people with OCPD are inclined to think that the actions they take have a purpose and aim.
These traits can also lead to avoiding professional help, since people with OCPD may avoid seeking it. In some cases, OCPD can even benefit the individual, such as someone who is intensely dedicated to their work and detail-oriented, despite having difficulty in other areas.
Consistency of symptoms
Anxiety levels drive the fluctuation of OCD symptoms. The behavior tends to stay the same over time because OCPD is a personality disorder characterized by rigidity.
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What is the outlook?
People with OCPD may have a better outlook than those with other personality disorders. OCPD treatment can help you understand how the symptoms can negatively affect others. Other personality disorders may make you more susceptible to addiction to drugs and alcohol. But OCPD may make you less susceptible to addiction.
The foundation of success for anyone who is suffering from a personality disorder is finding the treatment that works for them. It can help you develop empathy and interaction skills with the people you love.
How can a spouse or loved one support someone with OCPD?
Pay attention to your partner’s obsessions and compulsive behaviors if you suspect your spouse has OCPD. If someone’s obsessions include: we can probably assume they have OCD or some other personality type that isn’t obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
- Persuaded by danger
- Limiting your life to a few specific areas
- Bizarre or irrational
Behaviors are usually difficult to change in people with OCD. Their focus is on others instead of themselves.
A spouse or other loved one typically encourages an individual to seek treatment for obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Unfortunately, approaching someone with OCPD about their behavior can be very difficult. Additionally, it can be beneficial for spouses, partners, and others close to someone with OCPD to seek support for themselves.
OCPD-related spouses and loved ones have access to a variety of support forums and groups. Those with OCD or OCD tendencies or personality disorders such as OCDPD can find support through the International OCD Foundation.